Road Tests – Commercial Vehicles

To get a new commercial driver’s licence, you must apply, study, practise with a licensed accompanying driver, and then demonstrate your ability to apply the rules of the road and handle your vehicle. 

Note:

Starting July 1, 2017, commercial Class A truck drivers will require mandatory entry-level training. Please visit the Ministry of Transportation's (MTO) website for more information regarding mandatory entry-level training for Class A truck drivers.

The road tests for all commercial class licenses (Class A, B, C, D, E and F) have also been updated to ensure the applicant demonstrates the knowledge and skills required to safely operate a commercial vehicle. 

For all commercial class road tests, you must provide the driver examiner with a valid daily inspection report as well as the schedule for your vehicle or your road test will be cancelled and you will lose 50% of your pre-paid road test fee.

The road test includes the following components: 

Daily Vehicle Inspection tests:

  • Applicants will be required to inspect six randomly generated items; and demonstrate and describe how each item should be inspected; explain any potential defect(s); and describe what action they would take upon identifying a minor/major defect.
  • Updated uncoupling and coupling procedures for the Class A road test.
  • Updated on-road and backing tests.

Commercial Road Tests (Classes A, B, C, D, E, and F)

Depending on the licence you are pursuing, a commercial road test takes approximately 40 to 70 minutes at a DriveTest Centre.

The test is divided into segments. Parts of the test are completed in a parking lot and others are done on the road.

See the Commercial Vehicles Licences page for further details.

Air Brake Practical Tests (Z Endorsement)

Driver Examiner Conducting a Road Test

The air brake practical test is completed in a parking lot and takes approximately 30 minutes.

There are two versions of the practical test, depending on the licences you already hold and are pursuing. Version 1 includes trailer air brake systems and version 2 excludes trailer air brake systems.

Within six months of successful completion of an MTO-approved air brake endorsement course, you can visit a DriveTest Centre to add the Z endorsement to your licence by simply providing your driver's licence number and the class of test to a customer service agent. Proof of successful completion will be received electronically from your course provider, so no test booking is required in this scenario.

See the Official Air Brake Handbook or the MTO website for more information.

Booking a Test

When you feel confident you have enough driving experience, you can book a road test. Commercial road test appointments are available year-round. Road test fees are required at the time of booking and set by the Ministry of Transportation.

Commercial road test bookings are typically arranged through one of two methods. If you are not enrolled in a course, have your own vehicle for the test, and/or want to book independently, you can book directly online, by phone, or in person. If you are enrolled in a commercial training school, the school must use the online block booking information to book a road test on your behalf.

It’s common to take a commercial road test and an air brake practical test on the same day. When you book, indicate whether you want to take the tests together. See Book a Road Test for details.

Preparing for the Test

Commercial Road Test on a Highway

Driver education and safety courses are optional but recommended by the Ministry of Transportation (MTO). Before any road test, make sure you study the applicable official driver’s handbook(s) and the operating manual for the vehicle to be used for the test. We also recommend that you practise in a variety of locations, times of day, and driving conditions, including driving on highways and reversing your vehicle.

The vehicle you use on the day of the test must be appropriate to the class of licence you are pursuing. For a description of vehicle classes, please see the Official Truck Handbook or Official Bus Handbook. For the road test, ensure that any required repairs are made and that the vehicle is in good working order. Your road test could be declared “out-of-order” if the vehicle does not meet minimum standards.

DriveTest Centres do not provide vehicles. The vehicle you use for your road test can be owned, borrowed, or rented but must be insured. It does not need to be a driving school vehicle. If applicable to the licence you are pursuing, the vehicle should include the trailer, but the trailer should not be loaded.

As a preparatory measure, make plans for getting home after the road test if you are unsuccessful. You may want to invite an accompanying driver or investigate options for alternate transportation.

Day of the Test – Check In

Please arrive for your test at least 30 minutes early. Road tests take place in any weather, unless you are otherwise notified. In cases of extreme weather, check the Service Disruptions page.

Some DriveTest Centres do not have the space for commercial road tests, so they offer road tests at offsite testing locations. Please confirm the actual location of the road test or visit the Offsite Commercial Testing Locations page for details.

When you arrive for your test, please park your vehicle and check in. Most centres have a self-serve kiosk for check in; see a customer service agent if yours does not. After check in, return to your parked vehicle (or travel to the offsite testing location, if applicable) to wait for the driver examiner.

No pets or passengers other than the driver examiner are allowed in the vehicle during a road test. Passengers will be asked to wait in a designated safe area. 

Bring the following items to the test:

  • Vehicle in good working order.
  • Glasses or contact lenses (if you need to wear them to drive).
  • Current driver’s licence.
  • Print-out of your road test confirmation email.
  • Money for test fees (if you are hoping for a standby road test appointment).

Drivers completing a practical air brake test (Z endorsement) must bring the following items:

  • Wheel chocks or blocks.
  • A stopwatch or a watch with a second hand.
  • Awareness of the size and type of all brake chambers on the vehicle in which they are being tested.
  • A means of holding the brake pedal in the applied position.
  • A means of marking the pushrod and measuring pushrod stroke (does not apply to motor coaches).
  • Protective headgear and eyewear (does not apply to motor coaches).
  • A chart of brake-adjustment limits (optional).

Completing the Test

Before you begin your test, the driver examiner will explain the tasks involved. The driver examiner is not allowed to coach you, so if you have any questions, ask them before you begin.

Your road test will include a pre-trip inspection (circle check) involving more than 20 components. A commercial driver is required to complete a vehicle inspection every 24-hour period and monitor the vehicle throughout the trip. The pre-trip inspection on your road test is a condensed version of the minimum check required under the law. See a driver's handbook for details.

Please note that the driver examiner may stop or refuse to start the driving test if:

  • Your vehicle is not in good working order or the licence plate validation has expired.
  • You show any signs of impairment from alcohol or drugs.
  • Your driving skills are not good enough to finish the test without risking safety.

While you are taking the test, the driver examiner will evaluate your skills according to set criteria and complete a form/scoresheet. The tasks you perform will vary by licence type.

Traffic on an Ontario Highway

After the Test

After the test, the driver examiner will give you a complete report of your skills. If you are successful, you will receive a temporary driver’s licence, which is valid for 90 days or until your permanent driver’s licence photo card arrives in the mail. If you are unsuccessful, the report will show you where you need to improve. When you have had more practice, you can book another test. You may take as many road tests as you need to pass, provided your driver’s licence, written test results, and vision test results are still valid. Test results are generally valid for one year (but six months if conducted through a signing authority). You must wait at least 10 days between tests. Applicable test fees apply.

Book a Road Test

Ready to Book a Road Test?

Book and pay for individual road tests online, including tests for classes G, G2, M, M2, A, B, C, D, E, F, and Z.

Book a Road Test